Digital Literacy and Digital Citizenship are different, though sometimes related ideas.
Digital Literacy is, in short, the ability to use digital technologies effectively, to be technically comfortable with them, and have the information sourcing, sifting and assessing skills necessary to use them effectively. Knowing what to look for online, how and where to find it, and whether you can trust it or not when you do.
Tjhe abundance of information, the rte of change, and the huge number of changing platforms online make information sifting, sourcing and assessing a key skill. George Siemens argues we are shifting from know what to know who, and know where – who knows where to find what I need, and where can I look for this
Digital Citizenship has various definitions. But, in essence, it’s acting responsibly, and appropriately, with respect for others and yourself online. It sometimes includes the idea of digital literacy. It covers ideas of etiquette,
There are multiple resources for Digital Citizenship classes, courses and lessons online – there’s a link at the bottom of the post. The thrust of this post will be why you might need to teach both of these. The how is a little too big for this blog, but the resources at the end shpuold help a lot.
When we encoiurage ourstudents to use technology, to sign up fpr accpounts, to share information aboit themselves online, we are taking on a responsibility. The technologies we use generally try to make a profit somehow. Either they sell us something, or, what they sell is us – information about how we use their services, where we go online and what we do, who we connect with, what we writer about in emails, ip addresses, the contents of our contacts from our email and phones. If you use mapping software with your smartphone, or geotag your tweets, where you are and when you were there is ionformation that can be bought and sold.
The relationship between what we create online, and who has what ownership claims on it is complicated. To a degree, even legal professionals, at times, are speculating. When you add in the permanence inherent in most digital transactions ( Google will, possibly, never truly delete your data, emails or drive documents, Twitter is permanemtly archived by the US Library of Congress, amongst others. Storify lets you save another persons tweets and share them, even if they delete them. You social media photos, posts, status updates, your youtube videos, can all, often, be used by the company that hosts them, or their assigned partners, for any purpose whatsoever, glovbally and in perpetuity.