Create a class backchannel.
What you’ll need to know to do this
What is a backchannel?
A class backchannel (or a lecture, or seminar backchannel) is a a channel of communication that lets students and teachers engage and communicate during a session. It’s also not the main communication mode. In traditional contexts, it might have been a note passed down to the lecturer, or to the teaching assistant, while the lecturer is talking. In this context, it’s twitter, and tweets that are sent during the class by students. Lecturers respond by tweeting, or by picking out tweets and responding verbally, or both.
Why use twitter as a backchannel?
A room with 200 students presents participation challenges. The architecture of the typical lecture hall, or seminar room can make it difficult to know, or feel, that people are being equally engaged. Q and A sessions may involve the same few people each time, and the simple geography of where people sit, and howe rooms are built or arranges can make participation and discussion difficult.
Add in the fact that some people can find crowds intimidating, and the potential vulnerability involved in asking questions about topics you are unsure of, and the standard lecture and classroom setup can have some disadvantages.
Using Twitter as a class backchannel can help solve some of these problems. It’s much easier to tweet a question from the back row than it is to raise you hand, hope you are seen, and then shout down the rows hoping your question makes sense. Much easier to type your question in to twitter, review and edit it before you send, knowing that your lecturer will see it, than be nervous about speaking up.
Using Twitter as a backchannel might also help you
- Encourage shy or reticent students to engage with you, their peers and the topic at hand
- Gives you a written record of how students are responding and engaging on a live, minute by minute basis
- Lets you analyse student thoughts, coneptualisations, and difficulties during the lecture or class
- Helps you spot troublesome concepts., or areas students are having problems with, live. If ten people ask a similar question, then it’s a good bet more want to know the answer
- Gives you a mechanism for upping your overall class engagement
- Gibes you opportunities to highlight contributions from your participants.
- Can create a context where students are actively contributing and sharing resources over twitter by linking to blogs, posts, article, videos etc as the class evolves.
- Makes it easy for you to share resources in class on the fly.
Decide on a class hashtag. You’ll need a different one for each class, you’ll need to check if it’s already in use for another purpose. For example, I use #ditportfolio for tweeting my Masters class notes, and to check it, I used the search function in Tweetdeck (click on the magnifier, and type in your hashtag. I used #ditportfolio, and got zero hits, so I can use it…)
You might consider having a different account for each class. Apps like Tweetdeck or Hootsuite will allow you to switch, easily and quickly, between accounts. If you are expecting a lot of tweets, the multiple account option can be useful.
Disseminate the hashtag amongst your students, and tell them how you will use it, and why. If you are going to use it as a backchannel, your students will need to know that, and what that means. You’ll be using it to solicit questions, ideas, for in class polls, for posting you resources and theirs. Whatever mix you choose. You may need to make allowances here for students who don’t have devices they use during class. You could offer to storify all class tweets and post the link after class.
It might also help to use your class hashtag to mention additional resources out of class hours, to post questions, or answers to questions, and to post reminders about things, so students get to value the twitter aspect of your lessons, and engage with the hashtag.
Tools and techniques that will add value to the tweet stream
Keeping up with the channel as it happens
Tweetdeck and Hootsuite, already mentioned, will make managing the stream in class easier. If you have a TA they can also do this for you. Here’s a quick look at tweetdeck, and it;s column display that lets you customise what you see, and how you see it. Tweetdeck makes it much easier to follow a conversation as it unfolds in class, especially useful if you just need to dip in quickly to see what questions people are asking.
Getting an overview
Another advantage to a backchannel is that you can see your students thought processes as they tweet them, making it easier to predict difficulties they are going to have, and address them.
Apps like tagboard make it easy to collect all the tweets from a particular hashtag and display them on one screen. Useful for demo purposes in class, and for getting an overall idea of trends in the class, or seeing how difficult points or ideas are going down. It also makes it easy to see trends in what’s being posted. Are people posting questions, the same or different ones, who is posting resources and what are they.
Sharing and saving the stream
Storify can allow you to collate the tweets from a session, and share them. If someone is quotes they get an email telling them – which is a nice bump up for a student sometimes. And it allows you and your students to add comments on the tweetsream. You can also embed additional resources. Youtube videos, links, and posts from blogs and social media, photos, amongst other things.
Why we hate Khan Academy, storified student posts
Curating Twitter with storify, a howto from HybridPedagogy.com